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Issue 53 - 01 | Better Than Free
By Kevin Kelly Published Dec. 4, 2008 12:47 a.m.

"The Internet is a copy machine. At its most foundational level, it copies every action, every character, and every thought we make while we ride upon it. In order to send a message from one corner of the internet to another, the protocols of communication demand that the whole message be copied along the way several times.


Yet the previous round of wealth in this economy was built on selling precious copies, so the free flow of free copies tends to undermine the established order. If reproductions of our best efforts are free, how can we keep going? To put it simply, how does one make money selling free copies?

I have an answer. The simplest way I can put it is thus:

When copies are super abundant, they become worthless.

When copies are super abundant, stuff which can't be copied becomes scarce and valuable. When copies are free, you need to sell things which can not be copied.

Well, what can't be copied?"


About Kevin Kelly | Kevin Kelly is Senior Maverick at Wired magazine. He helped launch Wired in 1993, and served as its Executive Editor until January 1999. He is currently editor and publisher of the Cool Tools web site. From 1984-1990 Kelly was publisher and editor of the Whole Earth Review, a journal of unorthodox technical news. He co-founded the ongoing Hackers’ Conference, and was involved with the launch of the WELL, a pioneering online service started in 1985. He authored the best-selling New Rules for the New Economy and the classic book on decentralized emergent systems, Out of Control.

Books By This Author, including contributed work

The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World
Paperback  (9780201483406) 
Published 03/1995  by Basic Books (AZ) 
Price: $14.46 to $18.36
A Catalog of Possibilities
Paperback  (9781940689005) 
Published 12/2013  by Cool Tools Lab 
Price: $25.19 to $31.99
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